HEALTH PROGRAMS AND A FRAMEWORK FOR PLANNING
Lessons from the Great Public Health Achievements of the 20th Century
New References and Resources for
Each Endnote in the 3rd and 4th Editions of Health Promotion/Health Program Planning Book
Table of Contents
Headlines, Timelines, & Milestones
Endnote References and
Headlines, Timelines, &
"The technology of medicine has outrun its
sociology." -- Henry E. Sigerist, medical historian (1891-1957)
"Health cannot be forced upon the people. It cannot be dispensed to the
people. They must want it and be prepared to do their share and to cooperate fully in
whatever health program a country develops." Canadian Journal of
Public Health (1944) 35: 260.
"THE EIGHT PHASES OF PRECEDE AND PROCEED"
Phase 1: The Social Assessment and Situation Analysis:
Measures of Well-Being as Indicators of Quality of Life or Health?
From an August 1998 Yankelovich national U.S. survey, men and women vary in what they
say is the most important form of well-being:
Despite the apparent importance attached to mental and spiritual well-being, the UBC
Institute of Health Promotion Research found in surveys of adults in the Yukon Territory
of Canada that an overall measure of perceived health status relative to others of one's
own age correlated best with physical well-being.
|Ratner, P.A., Johnson, J.L., & Jeffery, B. Examining
emotional, physical, social, and spiritual health as determinants of self-rated health
status. American Journal of Health Promotion, 12(4):275-282, 1998.
L. (1998). Musings on sixty years in public health. ANNUAL REVIEW OF
PUBLIC HEALTH 19: 1-15.
Fielding, J.E. (1999). Public
health in the twentieth century: Advances and challenges. ANNUAL REVIEW OF PUBLIC
HEALTH 20: XIII-XXX.
ABSTRACT: Substantial advances in public health methods, practice, and
the health of the public have occurred in the twentieth century. Some of the contributions
most notable for their impact on mortality and longevity are vaccine development and
widespread use, smallpox eradication, large reductions in communicable disease epidemics,
and the rise and decline of several serious chronic diseases. Many methodological advances
have facilitated better understanding of disease processes and opportunities for control.
Epidemiological methods have advanced, but studies often ignore the determinants of health
at the community level and above, leading to simplistic formulations of multiple risk
factors contributing to chronic and other diseases and injuries. Occupational and
environmental health developed as disciplines in this century, making significant
contributions to current and future population health. The health care system became more
organized, technologically sophisticated, and costly. New tools to assess health and the
burden of ill health, to improve the effectiveness of interventions, and to measure
economic effects of alternative investments promise greater efficiency and effectiveness
for public health. An increasingly fragmented public health infrastructure must confront
unprecedented challenges including dramatic global population growth, increased aging of
the population associated with enhanced longevity, and possible irreversible changes in
key environmental health determinants.
Geronimus, A. T., & Bound, J. (1998). Use
of Census-based Aggregate Variables to Proxy for Socioeconomic Group: Evidence from
National Samples. AMERICAN
JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 148(5): 475-486.
Green J., & Tones, K. (1999). For
debate. Towards a secure evidence base for health promotion. JOURNAL OF PUBLIC
HEALTH MEDICINE 21(2): 133-139.
Green, L.W. (1999). Health
education's contributions to public health in the twentieth century: A glimpse through
health promotion's rear-view mirror. ANNUAL REVIEW OF PUBLIC HEALTH 20: 67-88.
Moyer, A., Coristine, M., MacLean, L., & Meyer, M. (1999). A
model for building collective capacity in community-based programs: The Elderly In Need
Project. PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING 16 (3): 205-214.
ABSTRACT: As the focus of health promotion moves from individuals to
organizations, communities and broader social policy, the models that guide public health
program planning and development need reexamination. Public health nurses are gaining
experience in strengthening and supporting the ability of communities to grow and change.
This study aimed to illuminate the process. Data, gathered as part of an action research
project to develop individual and community-based strategies to decrease isolation in
frail older adults, provided a rich source of qualitative data. Analysis was directed
toward identifying the factors and processes of capacity-building. The emerging model was
clarified and partially validated with academics and practitioners from health promotion
programs across the age span. Four stages of building collective capacity were identified:
identifying common ground, working cooperatively, working in partnership, and working
across the community. At each stage, processes of relationship building, project
management and capacity-building resulted in stage specific products. A model of building
collective capacity, grounded in community health practice and supported by the Literature
provides a base for developing practice indicators, and practice guidelines which will
strengthen the ability to reach health goals.
Ostrom, E. (1999). Coping with tragedies of the commons.
ANNUAL REVIEW OF POLITICAL SCIENCE 2: 493-535.
Richard, L., Breton, E.R., Lehoux, P., Martin, C., & Roy, D.
(1999). How public health professions perceive two dimensions for promoting
health: Ecological approach and participatory approach. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF
PUBLIC HEALTH-REVUE CANADIENNE DE SANTE PUBLIQUE 90 (2): 99-103.
ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to explore public health
professionals' perceptions regarding two dimensions of the new health promotion movement;
the ecological approach and the principle of community participation. Data were collected
by focus-groups of public health professionals (n = 22) in one Public Health Directorate
in Quebec. Results indicate a fair degree of integration of these two dimensions into the
respondents' professional practice. However, limitations related to the work environment
and to the theoretical underpinnings of these two components might impede the respondents'
ability to integrate them into their practice.
Tannahill, A. (1998). Commentary. The Scottish green paper: beyond
a healthy mind in a healthy body. JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH MEDICINE 20 (3):
Keyser, Morrow, Doyle, Ogletree, Parsons (1998). Practicing the
Application of Health Education Skills and Competencies. Boston: Jones &
Written for the teacher who is training health education professionals,
this book systematically addresses each of the responsibilities and competencies that have
been identified by the health education profession as necessary for entry-level health
education. The seven chapters correspond to the seven responsibilities of a health
educator as put forth by the National Task Force on the Preparations and Practice of
Health Educators. To read more about this title, and to place your order, please go to
Shah, C. P. (1998). Public Health and Preventive Medicine
in Canada, 4th edition. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN
"...the best known Canadian textbook of public health...has two
purposes...to help readers learn about their role as health care professionals,
administrators or policy makers within the health care system...[and to participate] in
the ongoing debate on health care issues..." --Review by Clyde Hertzman, Chronic
Disease in Canada 20(1), 1999, 41-42. For the complete review, go to: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/main/lcdc/web/publicat/cdic/cdic201/cd201g_e.html.
Timmreck, T. C. (1998). Health Services Cyclopedic Dictionary, Third
Edition (Boston: Jones & Bartlett). $70.
The most comprehensive dictionary on the full range of health services.
Exhaustive listings on public health, health administration, epidemiology, health
administration, health promotion, managed care, and other areas of health service provide
accurate, detailed definitions. To read more about this title, and to place your order,
please go to
Wallace, Robert; & Wallace, D. (1999). A Plague on Your
Houses: How New York Was Burned Down and National Public Health Crumbled. New
York & London: Verso Press.
During the 1970's, poor neighborhoods in the old industrial cities
suffered massive housing destruction. These cities lost much population to the suburbs and
to boomtowns in the West and South. "A Plague on Your Houses" provides the
details of how public policies such as benign neglect and planned shrinkage destroyed poor
minority neighborhoods in New York City both physically and socially. The authors suggest
that the Rand Corporation provided substandard mathematical models that blamed the closing
of fire companies for the fire epidemics, but they argue that this was only at best a
symptom of the broader policies antagonistic to inner-city development.
Mass migrations, shifting patterns of housing overcrowding, and loss of
social control and support unleashed a crisis in public health and public order.
Infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, measles, and AIDS flared up; contagious
behaviors such as violence, substance abuse, and multiple-partner sexual activity also
became epidemic. Even the life expectancy of elderly African-Americans was affected and
declined between 1970 and 1980 after decades of increase.
Most of the city was touched by one or more of the consequences of the
disaster. The contagious diseases and behaviors gradually spilled over into the suburban
counties of the New York City metro region (24 counties). Eventually, the abused big metro
regions (New York, Los Angeles, Miami) entrained the whole national network of metro
regions into epidemics of violent crime and AIDS.
Documents on Population Health (available on-line): The following Health Canada publications (1) Taking Action on Population
Health position paper and (2) Population Health - Putting Concepts Into Action (WHO, 50th
anniversary) can be accessed at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hppb/phdd/resource.htm.
Web access to cataloging data for 10,000 historical public health pamphlets.
In 1999, the New York Academy of Medicine Library completed cataloging over 10,000
pamphlet titles published in the United States between 1840 and 1960. This work was funded
by a two-year grant of $150,000 from The Charles E. Culpeper Foundation. The cataloging
records are available through the internet in the electronic catalog for the Academy
Library (www.nyam.org or telnet library.nyam.org), and
through the major bibliographic utilities.
The Academy Library has systematically collected materials which document public action
to avoid disease and other health threats. It has developed and maintained a
comprehensive, multi-language collection of urban public health materials. From its
inception the Academy Library recognized the significance and importance of pamphlets.
Consequently through donation and purchase the Academy Library has been avid and
methodical in Acquiring pamphlets including those that document the shaping of modern
public health and serve as primary source material for the history of public health and
the sanitary movement. The public health pamphlets serve as the historical connection
between public health theories and the mass marketing of public health in popular culture.
This pamphlet collection, one of the largest of its type in the world, documents the
shaping of modern public health and activities to avoid disease and other health threats.
They are evidence for the prevailing medical concepts and social attitudes, the effects of
disease and sanitary conditions on society, and changing mores and customs in the United
Alphabetical Listing of
Internet Resources for Health Promotion Planning, Implementation and Evaluation
American Public Health Association http://www.apha.org
Association of Schools of Public Health http://www.asph.org
California HealthLine (free daily health news, but must register first) http://news.chcf.org
Children, youth and family resources http://www.cyfc.umn.edu
Community Preventive Services
Community of Science (experts, Medline, funded research, funding opportunities) http://www.cos.com
Comprehensive Epidemiologic Data Resource http://cedr.lbl.gov/index.html
Data resources http://www.abag.ca.gov/abag/overview/datacenter/popdemo/datamine.htm
Epidemiology resources http://chanane.ucsf.edu/epidem/epidem.html
Food and Nutrition Information Center http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic
Health education professional resources http://www.nyu.edu/education/hepr
Health information database http://www.mastersinhealthcare.com/blog/2012/the-webs-clinical-handbook/
Health A to Z search engine http://www.healthatoz.com
Health promotion journals
Health science journals http://www.mco.edu/lib/instr/libinsta.html
Healthy People 2000 Objectives http://odphp.osophs.dhhs.gov/pubs/hp2000
Index Medicus (journal abbreviations) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/lji.html
Institute of Medicine
International health resources
Lexis-Nexis (news, health topics, legal research): http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe
Medical subject headings (MeSH standard keywords) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html
MedWeb (health sciences resources)
Melvyl (Medline, journal & book databases) http://www.melvyl.ucop.edu
Men's health resources http://www.vix.com/pub/men/health/health.html
Minority health resources http://www.minority.unc.edu
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report http://www.cdc.gov/epo/mmwr/mmwr.html
Newspaper links (>3,600 online newspapers) http://www.newslink.org/news.html
National Library of Medicine (Medline, MeSH) http://www.nlm.nih.gov
Nutrition resources http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic
Physical activity and health resources
Public health resources
Public health software & resources
Statistics resources http://www.stat.ufl.edu/vlib/statistics.html
Tobacco control resources
Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals
US Agency for Health Care Policy and Research http://www.ahcpr.gov
US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/atsdrhome.html
US Census Bureau http://www.census.gov
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://www.cdc.gov
US Dept of Health and Human Services http://www.os.dhhs.gov
US Food and Drug Administration http://www.fda.gov
US Health Care Financing Administration (Medicare, Medicaid)
US Minority Health Resource Center http://www.omhrc.gov
US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences http://www.niehs.nih.gov/home.html
US National Center for Health Statistics
US National Institutes of Health (NIH) http://www.nih.gov/welcome
US NIH guide for grants & contracts (funding opportunities) http://www.nih.gov/grants/guide/index.html
US Office on Smoking and Health http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/osh/tobacco.htm
US Public Health Service application forms (PHS 398, 2590)
US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration http://www.samhsa.gov
Women's health resources http://www.nytimes.com/specials/women/whome/resources.html
World Health Organization http://www.who.int
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