and Disaster Relief
[a new chapter proposed
for 9th edition]
Table of Contents:
OBJECTIVES AND PHILOSOPHY
HEADLINES, TIMELINES, & MILESTONES
WEBPAGES AND INFORMATION SOURCES
STUDY QUESTIONS, ACTIVITIES, AND EXERCISES
OBJECTIVES AND PHILOSOPHY
With the events of September 11, 2001
came a new focus in community and population health on the issues of public
health preparedness for disasters of all types, from natural disasters to
terrorist attacks on populations. This chapter will examine the community and
population health issues of readiness of public health systems for disasters,
natural and human created, and other emergencies.
HEADLINES, TIMELINES, &
Polymer-based Filter Cleans Water, Recovers Oil in Gulf Test.
June 7, 2010
Public supports quarantine, but with a lot of reservations. Health
Affairs, Mar '06.
Security overhauls disaster response plans. Assoc Press, Dec.
guidelines for Katrina's health and relief workers. MMWR,
Sept 9, 2005.
Dept gives Gulf area schools waiver to serve school lunches to all kids.
Sept 1, 2005.
declared public health disaster area. Aug 31, 2005.
Tracking the public
health impact of Hurricane Katrina. Aug 24, and continuing.
Preparing for two incoming hurricanes.
CDC, July 8,
London blasts and the public health threat of terrorism. Assoc
Press, July 7, 2005.
health impact of the Indian Ocean Tsunami. Press
accounts compiled by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
in Indian Ocean Region Dec 2004, and
Katrina in US
Gulf Region Aug 2005. List of assistance agencies
through which donations of financial or other disaster assistance can be made.
American Red Cross –
Donations can be made online by going to http://www.redcross.org
and following the instructions on the home page. Donations can also be sent to
the International Response Fund, P.O. Box 37243, Washington, D.C. 20013. For
information about donating, please call 800-435-7669. For information
about friends or relatives who may have been victims, call 866-438-4636.
CARE – Donations may be
made online at CARE.
Contributions may also be made by phone at 800-521-2273 or 800-521-CARE. You may
also e-mail email@example.com
for more information about donating.
UNICEF USA – Donations may be
made online at www.unicefusa.org.
Checks and money orders made payable to the U.S. Fund for UNICEF may be mailed
to unicefusa.org, 333 East 38th Street, New York, NY 10016.
World Vision – Donations may be
made online at www.worldvision.org.
Monetary contributions will be used to provide food and family survival kits to
Asian countries. Each kit provides things like blankets, tarps for temporary
shelter, water purification tablets and cooking supplies.
United Nations World Food
Programme – Donations may be made online at www.wfp.org.
Contributions may be mailed to U.S. Friends of the WFP, P.O. Box 11856,
Washington, D.C. 20008. Donations by U.S. taxpayers are tax-deductible.
Oxfam America – Donations may
be made online at http://www.oxfamamerica.org/whatyoucando.
Checks payable to Oxfam America may
be mailed to Oxfam America, 226 Causeway Street, 5th Floor,
Boston, MA 02114.
Asia Relief – The
Maryland-based nonprofit organization is accepting donations of cash,
nonperishable food, clothing and toys for victims in Sri Lanka. Donations should
be dropped off or mailed to Asia Relief, 19409 Olive Tree Way, Gaithersburg, MD
20879. Please contact Rizwan Mowlana at 301-672-9355 for more information.
Association for India’s
Development Inc.—The Maryland-based nonprofit organization is accepting cash
donations to help relief work in India. Contributions can be made on the Web at www.aidindia.org
or mailed to AID Zone 3, P.O. Box 4801, Mountain View, CA 94040-0801, with
checks made payable to AID. Contact Priya Ranjan at 301-422-4441 for more
Tsunami Relief Inc. – The
Virginia-based nonprofit group has been set up to help victims in Sri Lanka.
Donors can call 703-934-6922 or mail checks payable to Tsunami Relief Inc. to
9302 Lee Hwy., Fifth Floor, Fairfax, VA 22031.
Direct Relief International –
Donations can be made online at www.directrelief.org or by phone at
805-964-4767. Checks and money
orders may be mailed to Direct Relief International, 27 S. La Patera Lane, Santa
Barbara, Calif. 93117.
B’nai B’rith International
– Donations can be made online at www.bnaibrith.org
or mailed to B’nai B’rith Disaster Relief Fund, 2020 K St. NW, Seventh
Floor, Washington, D.C. 20006.
Mercy Corps – Donations can be
made online at www.mercycorps.org
or by phone at 800-852-2100. Donations may also be mailed to Mercy Corps, Dept.
W, P.O. Box 2669, Portland, OR 97208.
Operation USA – The Los
Angeles-based international relief agency is accepting donations online at www.opusa.org
or by phone at 800-678-7255. Donations may also be mailed to Operation USA, 8320
Melrose Ave., Suite 200, Los Angeles, CA 90069.
Sans Frontieres (MSF) – Donations can be made online at www.doctorswithoutborders.org
or contributions can be made by phone at 888-392-0392. MSF is airlifting more
than 60 tons of medical, surgical, and water-and-sanitation equipment to Sri
Lanka and Indonesia.
More information about
donations to humanitarian organizations can be found on the U.S. Agency for
International Development’s Web site, www.usaid.gov.
Donors can also call the
Center for International Disaster Information at 703-276-1914.
In Event of Bioterrorist Attack, Some Hospitals Plan
Not To Accept New Patients. Apr. 16, 2003.
Officials Seek Smallpox Vaccine Compensation Fund
(New York Times, March 7, 2003). Officials have asked Congress to
authorize compensation for people who were injured by the smallpox vaccine.
Government Applies Bioterrorism Responses to Flu, West
Oct. 3, 2002
Bioterrorism inexpensive and spreading
(Washington, August 27, 2002) - The United States believes that bioterrorism is
likely to increase as a result of the low cost of developing biological
weapons, as opposed to chemical or nuclear weapons.
Chemical plans vulnerable (Washington
Post, December 26, 2001) - Terrorist attacks on chemical plants could prove a
formidable problem for counterterrorism security in the United States. An attack
could result in the forming of deadly vapor clouds, which could place millions
of people in danger.
Red Cross guidelines to safeguard U.S.
blood supply draws criticism (The Wall Street Journal, July 30, 2001) - The
recent decision of the American Red Cross to not accept donated blood from
recent visitors of Great Britain, in an attempt to avoid infecting the American
blood supply with Mad Cow Disease, has led to controversy.
INFORMATION SOURCES on Disaster Response and
Community Disaster Website.
Disaster Clean Up Training for Hazardous Materials