Compliance List

If we want more evidence-based practice, we need more practice-based evidence.*


Patient Adherence to Medical Regimens

Updated 11/25/2019

The following is a listing of published articles applying or analyzing the index of patient compliance with medical regimens, as first presented and analyzed in the following four articles, validating verbal answers against blood pressures for estimating or predicting patient adherence behavior:

  1. Green, L. W., Levine, D. M., Wolle, J., & Deeds, S. G. Development of randomized patient education experiments with urban poor hypertensives. Patient Counseling and Health Education 1: 106-11, 1979.
  2. Morisky, D. E., Green, L. W., & Levine, D. M. Concurrent and predictive validity of a self-reported measure of medication adherence. Medical Care, 24: 67-74, 1986. [Abstract]
  3. Levine, D. M., Green, L.W., Morisky, D. E. Effect of a structured health education program on reducing morbidity and mortality from high blood pressure. Bibl Cardiol 1987; 48:8-16.
  4. Levine, D. M., Green, L. W.; Deeds, S. G.; et al. JAMA,1979; 241(16):1700-1703.

For translations of this scale to French, Spanish, German and other European languages by Groupe de Recherche Servier, France, contact -- Théodora de Coster-Audoin: Email: 

The original 4-item scale, is referred to in the literature as the "Medication Assessment Questionnaire" (MAQ) developed and applied in baseline and post-intervention interviews with patients in the Johns Hopkins studies of hypertension control (Green et al, Levine et al, Morisky et al,), between 1975 and 1977, was again validated in 1990 when Morisky conducted the first chemical validation (the original criterion validity tests were with blood pressure) and its concordance with the revised scale. The item regarding "carelessness" was replaced with a more neutral item measuring unintentional reason for not taking one's medication....("problems remembering"), which resulted in a higher reliability score (Cronbach's alpha - .68). (Original item: "Are you careless at times about taking your [name of health condition] medicine?" was replaced with "Do you ever have problems remembering to take your [name of health condition] medication?" This version of the original MAQ scale became known as the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-4). In 2008, he published an updated version of the MMAS-8 which has a higher reliability (.83) and higher sensitivity and specificity (93% and 57%).

The MAQ is in the public domain and had been cited over 4500 times in peer-reviewed journals since its publication in 1986 and, perhaps unfortunately in some cases, modified extensively by others. (Morisky, Green, and Levine (Medical Care, 1986). The MMAS-4 is used mainly as a screening test in the clinical setting. Work with the MMAS-8 has also assessed maintenance and persistence in longitudinal studies. Both the MMAS-4 and the MMAS-8 scales have been translated in 80 languages and validated with physiological outcomes for hundreds of specific health conditions. The MMAS scales are not in the public domain and require a license for use. For the original items in the MAQ and the use of the MMAS-4 or MMAS-8 and the coding instructions and psychometric properties, contact Professor Donald Morisky,

* These references are those applying the original 4-item scale, or local variations on it

NOTE: The references are presented alphabetically by the first author's surname.
To search a reference using keywords, use the browser's "Find..." command from the "Edit" menu.

  1. Abraham, C., Clift, S., & Grabowski, P. Cognitive predictors of adherence to malaria prophylaxis regimens on return from a malarious region: A prospective study. Social Science and Medicine, 48: 1641-1654, 1999. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  2. * Adelufosi, A.O., Adebowale, T.O., Abayomi, O., Mosanya, J.T. Medication adherence and quality of life among Nigerian outpatients with schizophrenia. Gen Hosp Psychiatry., 34(1):72-79, 2012. [Abstract]

  3. Adewuya, A.O., Owoeye, O.A., Erinfolami, A.R., Coker, A.O., Ogun, O.C., Okewole, A.O., Dada, M.U., Eze, C.N., Bello-Mojeed, M.A., Akindipe, T.O., Olagunju, A.T., and Etim, E. Prevalence and correlates of poor medication adherence amongst psychiatric outpatients in southwestern Nigeria. General Hospital Psychiatry, 31(2): 167-174, 2009. [Abstract]

  4. Adisa, R., Alutundu, M.B., and Fakeye, T.O. Factores que contribuyen al incumplimiento de hipoglucemiantes orales entre los pacientes ambulatoriales diabéticos tipo 2 en el suroeste de Nigeria (Factors contributing to nonadherence to oral hypoglycemic medications among ambulatory type 2 diabetes patients in Southwestern Nigeria). Pharmacy Practice, 7(3): 163-169, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  5. Afonso, N.M., Nassif, G., Aranha, A.N., Delor, B., and Cardozo, L.J. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goal attainment among high-risk patients: Does a combined intervention targeting patients and providers work? Am J Manag Care.,12(10): 589-94, 2006. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  6. * Ageev, F. T., Fofanova, T., V., Smirnova, M. D., et al. Technology-based methods in the improvement of therapy compliance among ambulatory cardiac patients: one-year follow-up data. Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention, 11(4): 36-41, 2012. [Abstract]

  7. * Agh, T., Inotai, A., and Meszaros, A. Factors associated with medication adherence in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respiration, 82(4):328-334, 2011. [Abstract]

  8. * Aghabekyan, S., Thompson, M. E., Abrahamyan, L. Medication noncompliance and patient satisfaction following percutaneous coronary intervention. Journal of Interventional Cardiology, 25(5): 469-47, 2012. [Abstract]

  9. Ahluwalia, J.S., McNagny, S.E., Rask, K.J. Correlates of Controlled Hypertension in Indigent, Inner-City Hypertensive Patients. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 12(1): 7-14, 1997. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  10. Ahluwalia, J.S., McNagny, S.E., and Kanuru, N.K. A Randomized Trial to Improve Follow-Up Care in Severe Uncontrolled Hypertensives at an Inner-City Walk-In Clinic. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 7(4): 377-389, 1996. [Abstract]

  11. Aikens, J. E., Perkins, D. W., Piette, J. D., and Lipton, B. Association between depression and concurrent Type 2 diabetes outcomes varies by diabetes regimen. Diabetic Medicine, 25(11): 1324-1329, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  12. Aikens, J.E., Nease, D.E., Jr, Nau, D.P., Klinkman, M.S., and Schwenk, T.L. Adherence to Maintenance-Phase Antidepressant Medication as a Function of Patient Beliefs About Medication. Ann Fam Med, 3: 23-30, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  13. * Al-Qazaz, H.Kh., Sulaiman, S.A., Hassali, M.A., Shafie, A.A., Sundram, S., Al-Nuri, R., and Saleem, F. Diabetes knowledge, medication adherence and glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes. Int J Clin Pharm., 33(6):1028-35, 2011. [Abstract]

  14. * Al-Qazaz, H.Kh., Hassali, M.A., Shafie, A.A., Sundram, S., and Morisky, D.E.The Eight-Item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-08):Translation and Validation of the Malaysian version. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 90(2):216-221, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  15. Aliotta, S.L., Boling, J., Commander, C., Day, D., Greenberg, L., Lattimer, C., Marshall, D., and Rogers, S.A. The Impact of CMSA's Case Management Adherence Guidelines and Guidelines Training on Case Manager-Reported Behavior Change. Professional Case Management, 12(5): 288-295, 2007. [Abstract]

  16. Allen, M., Oberle, K., Grace, M., Russell, A., and Adewale, A.J. A Randomized Clinical Trial of Elk Velvet Antler in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Biol Res Nurs 9(3): 254-261, 2008. [Abstract]

  17. * Amado Guirado, E., Pujol Ribera, E., Pacheco Huergo, V., Borras, J.M.; ADIEHTA Group. Knowledge and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in primary care: results of a randomized trial. Gac Sanit., 25(1):62-67, 2011. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  18. Amery, A.K.P.C, Staessen, J. Hypertension in the Elderly (Handbook of Hypertension), volume 12,. New York: Elsevier Science Ltd.,  1989, 428 pages [Abstract of book]

  19. Andrews, L. and Friedland, G. Progress in HIV therapeutics and the challenges of adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, 14(4): 901-928, 2000. [Abstract]

  20. Aoun, S., and Rosenberg, M. Are Rural People Getting HeartSmart?. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 12(2): 81-88, 2004. [Abstract]

  21. Aragonès, E., Caballero, A., Piñol, J.L., López-Cortacans, G., Badia, W., Hernández, J.M.,  Casaus, P., Folch, S., Basora, J., Labad, A., and the INDI research group. Assessment of an enhanced program for depression management in primary care: a cluster randomized controlled trial. The INDI project (Interventions for Depression Improvement). BMC Public Health, 7:253, 2007. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  22. * Arena, C., Morin, A.S., Blanchon, T., Hanslik, T., Cabane, J., Dupuy, A., and Fardet, L. Impact of glucocorticoid-induced adverse events on adherence in patients receiving long-term systemic glucocorticoid therapy. Br J Dermatol.,163(4): 832-837, 2010. [Abstract]

  23. * Arnet, I., Metaxas, C., Walter, P.N., Morisky, D.E., and Hersberger, K.E. The 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale translated in German and validated against objective and subjective polypharmacy adherence measures in cardiovascular patients. JEval Clin Pract., 21(2):271-277, 2015. doi: 10.1111/jep.12303. Epub 2015 Jan 6. [Abstract]

  24. Atreja, A., Bellam, N., and Levy, S.L. Strategies to Enhance Patient Adherence: Making it Simple. The Medscape Journal of Medicine, 7(1): 4, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  25. * Babamoto, K.S., Sey, K.W., Camilleri, A.J., Karlan, V.J., Catalasan, J., and Morisky, D.E. Improving Diabetes Care and Health Measures among Hispanics Using Community Health Workers: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Health Education and Behavior, 36(1):113-126, 2009. [Abstract]

  26. Bae, S.C., Hashimoto, H., Karlson, E.W., Liang, M.H., Daltroy, L.H. Variable effects of social support by race, economic status, and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol 28(6): 1245-1251, 2001. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  27. * Baena-Díez, J.M., Gómez-Fernández, C., Vilató-García, M., Vásquez-Lazo, E.J., Byram, A.O., Vidal-Solsona, M. A prescription register incorporated into computerized medical records for patients with hypertension: a new instrument to evaluate medication adherence. Atencion Primaria, 43(7): 336-342, 2011. [Abstract] [Full Text in Spanish version]

  28. Bailey, W.C., Kohler, C.L., Richards, Jr, J.M., Windsor, R.A., Brooks, C.M., Gerald, L.B., Martin, B., Higgins, D.M., Liu, T. Asthma Self-management: Do Patient Education Programs Always Have an Impact? Arch Intern Med., 159(20): 2422-2428, 1999. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  29. Bailey, W.C., Richards, J.M., Brooks, C.M., Soong, S-J., and Brannen, A.L. Features of Asthma in Older Adults. Journal of Asthma 29(1): 21-28, 1992. [Abstract]

  30. Bailey; W.C., Richards, Jr; J.M., Brooks, C.M., Soong, S-j., Windsor, R.A., Manzella, B.A. A Randomized Trial to Improve Self-Management Practices of Adults With Asthma. Arch Intern Med, 150(8):1664-1668, 1990. [Abstract]

  31. Bailey, W.C., Richards, Jr, J.M., Manzella, B.A., Brooks, C.M., Windsor, R.A. and Soong, S.J. Characteristics and correlates of asthma in a university clinic population. CHEST, 98(4): 821-828, 1990. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  32. Bains, S.S., and Egede, L.E. Associations Between Health Literacy, Diabetes Knowledge, Self-Care Behaviors, and Glycemic Control in a Low Income Population with Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 13(3): 335-341, 2011. [Abstract]

  33. Bajorek, B.V., Krass, I., Ogle, S.J., Duguid, M.J., and Shenfield, G.M. Optimizing the Use of Antithrombotic Therapy for Atrial Fibrillation in Older People: A Pharmacist-Led Multidisciplinary Intervention. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53(11): 1912-1920, 2005. [Abstract]

  34. Bakken, S., Holzemer, W.L., Brown, M-A., Powell-Cope, G.M., Turner, J.G., Inouye, J., Nokes, K.M., and Corless, I.B. Relationships Between Perception of Engagement with Health Care Provider and Demographic Characteristics, Health Status, and Adherence to Therapeutic Regimen in Persons with HIV/AIDS. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 14(4): 189-197, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  35. Bakken, S., Cimino, J.J., Haskell, R., Kukafka, R., Matsumoto, C., Chan, G.K., Huff, S.M. Evaluation of the Clinical LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers, Names, and Codes) Semantic Structure as a Terminology Model for Standardized Assessment Measures. JAMIA, 7(6):529-538, 2000. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  36. Baltieri, D.A., Daró, F.R., Ribeiro, P.L., and De Andrade, A.G. Comparing topiramate with naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence. Addiction, 103( 12): 2035- 2044, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  37. Ballester, R. Adhesión terapéutica: revisión histórica y estado de la cuestión en la infección por VIH/SIDA. [Treatment adherence: An historical review and state of question in HIV Infection/AIDS]. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 7(3): 151-175, 2002. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  38. Bane, C., Hughes, C.M., McElnay, J.C. The impact of depressive symptoms and psychosocial factors on medication adherence in cardiovascular disease. Patient Education and Counseling, 60(2): 187-193, 2006. [Abstract]

  39. Bangsberg, D.R., Bronstone, A., Hofmann, R. A computer-based assessment detects regimen misunderstandings and nonadherence for patients on HIV antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Care, 14(1): 3-15, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  40. Bangsberg, D.R., Bronstone, A., Chesney, M.A., Hecht, F.M. Computer-Assisted Self-Interviewing (CASI) to Improve Provider Assessment of Adherence in Routine Clinical Practice. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 31: S107-S111, 2002. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  41. Barbeito, S., Vega, P., Ruiz de, Azua S., Balanza-Martinez, V., Colom, F., Lorente, E., Luengo, A., Cerrillo, E., Crespo, J.M., and González Pinto, A. Integrated treatment of first episode psychosis with online training (e-learning): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 15(1):416, 2014. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  42. Barbui, C., Nosè, M., Mazzi, M.A., Bindman, J., Leese, M., Schene, A., Becker, T., Angermeyer, M.C., Koeter, M., Gray, R., and Tansella, M. Determinants of first- and second-generation antipsychotic drug use in clinically unstable patients with schizophrenia treated in four European countries. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 21(2): 73-79, 2006. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  43. Barrios, V., Navarro, A., Esteras, A., Luque, M., Romero, J., Tamargo, J., Prieto, L., Carrasco, J.L., Herranz, I., Navarro-Cid, J., and Ruilope, L.M. Antihypertensive Efficacy and Tolerability of Lercanidipine in Daily Clinical Practice. The ELYPSE Study. Blood Pressure, 11(2): 95-100, 2002. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  44. * Barnestein-Fonseca, P., Leiva-Fernández, J., Vidal-España, F., García-Ruiz, A., Prados-Torres, D., and Leiva-Fernández, F. Is it possible to diagnose the therapeutic adherence of patients with COPD in clinical practice? A cohort study. BMC Pulm Med., 11:6, 2011. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  45. Basheti, I. A., Hait, S. S. E., Qunaibi, E. A., Aburuz, S., & Bulatova, N. Associations between patient factors and medication adherence: A Jordanian experience. Pharmacy Practice, 14(1), 639, 2016. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  46. * Bates, J.A., Whitehead, R., Bolge, S.C., and Kim, E. Correlates of medication adherence among patients with bipolar disorder: results of the bipolar evaluation of satisfaction and tolerability (BEST) study: a nationwide cross-sectional survey. Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry, 12(5). pii: PCC.09m00883, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  47. Bauman, L.J., Wright, E., Leickly, F.E., Crain, E., Kruszon-Moran, D., Wade, S.L., and Visness, C.M. Relationship of Adherence to Pediatric Asthma Morbidity Among Inner-City Children. Pediatrics, 110(1): e6, 2002. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  48. Bell, J.S., Enlund, H., and Vainio, K. Medication adherence: a review of pharmacy education, research, practice and policy in Finland. Pharmacy Practice, 8(3): 147-161, 2010. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  49. Bergkvist, A., Midlöv, P., Höglund, P., Larsson, L., and Eriksson, T. A multi-intervention approach on drug therapy can lead to a more appropriate drug use in the elderly. LIMM-Landskrona Integrated Medicines Management. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 15(4): 660-667, 2009. [Abstract]

  50. * Bermingham, M., Hayden, J., Dawkins, I., Miwa, S., Gibson, D., McDonald, K., and Ledwidge, M. Prospective analysis of LDL-C goal achievement and self-reported medication adherence among statin users in primary care. Clin Ther., 33(9):1180-1189, 2011. [Abstract]

  51. * Berni, A., Ciani, E., Cecioni, I., Poggesi, L., Abbate, R., and Boddi, M. Adherence to antihypertensive therapy affects Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index. Eur J Intern Med., 22(1):93-98, 2011. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  52. Berry, S.D., Quach, L., Procter-Gray, E., Kiel, D.P., Li, W., Samelson, E.J., Lipsitz, L.A., and Kelsey, J. L. Poor Adherence to Medications May Be Associated with Falls. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci., 65A(5): 553-558, 2010. [Abstract]

  53. * Bharmal, M., Payne, K., Atkinson, M.J., Desrosiers, M.P., Morisky, D.E., and Gemmen, E. Validation of an Abbreviated Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM-9) among Patients on Antihypertensive Medications. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 7(36), 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  54. Bhengu, B.R., Ncama, B.P., McInerney, P.A., Wantland, D.J., Nicholas, P.K., Corless, I.B., McGibbon, C.A., Davis, S.M., Nicholas, T.P., and Ros, A.V. Symptoms experienced by HIV-infected Individuals on antiretroviral therapy in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Applied Nursing Research, 24(1): 1-9, 2011. [Abstract]

  55. Bieszk, N., Patel, R., Heaberlin, A., Wlasuk, K. and Zarowitz, B. Detection of medication nonadherence through review of pharmacy claims data. Am J Health Syst Pharm,. 60(4): 360-366, 2003. [Abstract]

  56. Bishop, F.L., Yardley, L., and Lewith, G.T. Treatment appraisals and beliefs predict adherence to complementary therapies: A prospective study using a dynamic extended self-regulation model. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13(4): 701-718, 2008. [Abstract]

  57. Bissonnette, J.M. Adherence: a concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 63(6): 634-643, 2008. [Abstract]

  58. Blenkinsopp, A., Phelan, M., Bourne, J., Dakhil, N. Extended adherence support by community pharmacists for patients with hypertension: a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 8(3): 165-175, 2000. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  59. Bloch, K.V., Melo, A.N de., and Nogueira, A.R. Prevalência da adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo em hipertensos resistentes e validação de três métodos indiretos de avaliação da adesão [Prevalence of anti-hypertensive treatment adherence in patients with resistant hypertension and validation of three indirect methods for assessing treatment adherence]. Cad. Saúde Pública., 24(12): 2979-2984, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  60. Bocktinga, C.L.H., ten Doesschatea, M.C., Spijkerb, J., Spinhovenc, P., Koetera, M.W.J., Schenea, A.H., The DELTA study group. Continuation and Maintenance Use of Antidepressants in Recurrent Depression. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 77(1): 17-26, 2008. [Abstract]

  61. Bolge, S.C., McDonnell, D.D., Chen, A. and Wan, G.J. Patient satisfaction with extended release tolterodine or oxybutynin in overactive bladder. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 23(8): 1903-1912, 2007. [Abstract]

  62. Bondesson, A., Hellström, L., Eriksson, T., and Höglund, P. A structured questionnaire to assess patient compliance and beliefs about medicines taking into account the ordered categorical structure of data. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 15(4): 713-723, 2009. [Abstract]

  63. Bone, L.R., Levine, D.M., Parry, R.E., Morisky, D.E., Green, L.W.  Update on the factors associated with high blood pressure compliance. Maryland State Med. J. 33(3):201-204, March 1984. [No abstract available]

  64. Bosworth, H.B. Medication Adherence. In:  Bosworth, Hayden, editor, Improving Patient Treatment Adherence. New York: Springer Publishing, pp. 68-94, 2010. [Abstract]

  65. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., Grubber, J.M., Neary, A.M., Orr, M.M., Powers, B.J., Adams, M.B., Svetkey, L.P., Reed, S.D., Li, Y., Dolor, R.J., and Oddone, E.Z. Two Self-management Interventions to Improve Hypertension Control: A Randomized Trial. Ann Intern Med 151(10) : 687-695, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  66. Bosworth, H., Powers, B., Grubber, J., Thorpe, C., Olsen, M., Orr, M., and Oddone, E. Racial Differences in Blood Pressure Control: Potential Explanatory Factors. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(5): 692-698, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  67. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., Neary, A., Orr, M., Grubber, J., Svetkey, L., Adams, M., Oddone, E.Z. Take Control of Your Blood pressure (TCYB) study: A multifactorial tailored behavioral and educational intervention for achieving blood pressure control. Patient Education and Counseling, 70(3): 338-347, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  68. Bosworth, H.B., Voils, C.I., Potter, G.G., and Steffens, D.C. .The effects of antidepressant medication adherence as well as psychosocial and clinical factors on depression outcome among older adults. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23(2): 129-134, 2008. [Abstract]

  69. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., McCant, F., Harrelson, M., Gentry, P., Rose, C., Goldstein, M.K., Hoffman, B.B., Powers, B., Oddone, E.Z. Hypertension Intervention Nurse Telemedicine Study (HINTS): Testing a multifactorial tailored behavioral/educational and a medication management intervention for blood pressure control. American Heart Journal, 153(6): 918-924, 2007. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  70. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., Dudley, T., Orr, M., Neary, A., Harrelson, M., Adams, M., Svetkey, L.P., Dolor, R.J., Oddone, E.Z. The Take Control of Your Blood pressure (TCYB) study: Study design and methodology. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 28(1): 33-47, 2007. [Abstract]

  71. Bosworth, H.B. Medication Treatment Adherence. Patient treatment adherence: concepts, interventions, and measurement. In Bosworth, H.B., Oddone, E.Z., Weinberger, M. editors. Patient treatment adherence: concepts, interventions, and measurement. Mahwah, NJ and London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; Chapter 6, starting page 147, 2006. [Abstract of book] [Starting page of Chapter 6 from Google Books]

  72. Bosworth, H.B., Dudley, T., Olsen, M.K., Voils, C.I., Powers, B., Goldstein, M.K., Oddone, E.Z. Racial Differences in Blood Pressure Control: Potential Explanatory Factors. The American Journal of Medicine, 119(1): 70.e9-70.e15, 2006. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  73. Bosworth, H.B., Olsen, M.K., Gentry, P., Orr, M., Dudley, T., McCant, F., Oddone, E.Z. Nurse administered telephone intervention for blood pressure control: a patient-tailored multifactorial intervention. Patient Educ Couns., 57(1): 5-14, 2005. [Abstract]

  74. Botha, K.F.H., Du Plessis, W.F., Van Rooyen, J.M. and Wissing, M.P. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Self-Management in Culturally Diverse South African Patients with Essential Hypertension. J Health Psychol., 7(5): 519-531, 2002. [Abstract]

  75. Brenner, D.A., Zweifler, R.M., Gomez, C.R., Kissela, B.M., Levine, D., Howard, G., Coull, B., and Howard, V.J. Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Vascular Risk Factors among Stroke Survivors. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 19(4): 311-320, 2010. [Abstract]

  76. * Breuil, V., Cortet, B., Cotté, F.E., Arnould, B., Dias-Barbosa, C., Gaudin, A.F., Regnault, A., Roborel de Climens, A., and Legrand, E. Validation of the adherence evaluation of osteoporosis treatment (ADEOS) questionnaire for osteoporotic post-menopausal women. Osteoporos Int., 2011 [Abstract] [Full Text]

  77. Brock, T.P., and Smith, S.R. Using digital videos displayed on personal digital assistants (PDAs) to enhance patient education in clinical settings. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 76(11-12): 829-835, 2007. [Abstract]

  78. Broekmans, S., Dobbels, F., Milisen, K., Morlion, B., and Vanderschueren, S. Determinants of medication underuse and medication overuse in patients with chronic non-malignant pain: A multicenter study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(11): 1408-1417, 2010. [Abstract]

  79. Brooks, C. M., Richards, J. M., Kohler, C. L., Soong, S-J., Martin, B., Windsor, R. A., & Bailey, W. C. Assessing adherence to asthma medication and inhaler regimens: A psychometric analysis of adult self-report. Medical Care, 32(3): 298-307, 1994. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  80. Brown, C., Battista, D.R., Bruehlman, R., Sereika, S.S., Thase, M.E., Dunbar-Jacob, J. Beliefs About Antidepressant Medications in Primary Care Patients: Relationship to Self-Reported Adherence. Medical Care, 43(12): 1203-1207, 2005. [Abstract]

  81. Brown, C., Dunbar-Jacob, J., Palenchar, D.R., Kelleher, K.J., Bruehlman, R.D., Sereika, S., Thase, M.E. Primary care patients' personal illness models for depression: a preliminary investigation. Family Practice, 18(3): 314-320, 2001. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  82. Buchanan, A. Compliance with treatment in schizophrenia. Maudsley Monographs, University of London. Institute of Psychiatry. Volume 37. Psychology Press, 1996. [Google Books]

  83. Burge, S., White, D., Bajorek, E., Bazaldua, O., Trevino, J., Albright, T., Wright, F., Cigarroa, L. Correlates of medication knowledge and adherence: findings from the residency research network of South Texas. Fam Med., 37(10): 712-718, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  84. Burnier, M. Medication Adherence and Persistence as the Cornerstone of Effective Antihypertensive Therapy. American Journal of Hypertension, 19(11): 1190-1196, 2006. [Abstract]

  85. Butler, J.A., Peveler, R.C., Roderick, P., Horne, R., Mason, J.C. Measuring compliance with drug regimens after renal transplantation: comparison of self-report and clinician rating with electronic monitoring. Transplantation, 77(5): 786-789, 2004. [Abstract]

  86. Byerly, M.J., Nakonezny, P.A., Lescouflair, E. Antipsychotic Medication Adherence in Schizophrenia. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 30(3): 437-452, 2007. [Abstract]

  87. * Cabrera, D.M., Morisky, D.E., and Chin, S. Development of Tuberculosis Educational Booklet for Latino Immigrant Patients. Patient Educ Couns., 46(2):117-124, 2002. [Abstract]

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  162. Diago, A., Olveira, A., Sola, R., Romero-Gomez, M., Moreno-Otero, R., Perez, R., Salmeron, J., Enriquez, J., Planas, R., Gavilan, J.C., Del Olmo, J., Uribarrena, R., Sillero, C., Benitez, A., Sanchez-Galdon, S., Dalmau, B., Erana, L., Montoro, M., Portu, J., Garijo, J.M., Barniol, R., Dominguez, A., Rota, R., Olcoz, J.L., Anton, M., Pamplona, X., Casanovas, T., Jimenez, E., Huarte, M., Diaz, F., Sanchez-Ruano, J., Orive, M., Munoz-Sanchez, M., and Roset, M. Treatment of chronic he1patitis C genotype 1 with peginterferon- α2a (40 kDa) plus ribavirin under routine clinical practice in Spain: early prediction of sustained virological response rate. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 25(8): 899-906, 2007. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  283. Janssen, M., Wensing, M., van der, Gaag R., Cornelissen, I., van Deurzen, P., and Buitelaar, J. Improving patient care for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children by organizational redesign (Tornado program) and enhanced collaboration between psychiatry and general practice: a controlled before and after study. Implementation Science, 9(1):155, 2014. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  285. Jerant, A., DiMatteo, R., Arnsten, J., Moore-Hill, M., and Franks, P. Self-Report Adherence Measures in Chronic Illness: Retest Reliability and Predictive Validity. Medical Care, 46(11): 1134-1139, 2008. [Abstract]

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  288. Johnson, S.S., Driskell, M-M., Johnson, J.L., Dyment, S.J., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M., and Bourne, L. Disease Management, 9(2): 102-114, 2006. [Abstract]

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  291. Jones, C., Simpson, S.H., Mitchell, D., Haggarty, S., Campbell, N., Then, K., Lewanczuk, R. Z., Sebaldt, R. J., Farrell, B., Dolovich, L., Kaczorowski, J., and Chambers, L. W. Enhancing hypertension awareness and management in the elderly: Lessons learned from the Airdrie Community Hypertension Awareness and Management Program (A-CHAMP). Can J Cardiol., 24(7): 561–567, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  295. Joshi, A.V., Madhavan, S.S., Ambegaonkar, A., Smith, M.,  Scott, V.  (Ginger), and Dedhia, H. Association of Medication Adherence with Workplace Productivity and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Asthma. Journal of Asthma, 43(7): 521-526, 2006. [Abstract]

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  300. * Kardas, P. Prevalence of non-adherence to medication among patients treated for selected chronic conditions. Pol Merkur Lekarski, 31(184): 215-220, 2011. [Article in Polish]. [Abstract

  301. Karlson, E.W., Liang, M.H., Eaton, H., Huang, J., Fitzgerald, L., Rogers, M.P., Daltroy, L.H. A randomized clinical trial of a psychoeducational intervention to improve outcomes in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 50(6): 1832-1841, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  318. Koneru, S., Shishov, M., Ware, A., Farhey, Y., Mongey, A-B., Graham, T.B., Passo, M.H., Houk, J.L., Higgins, G.C., and Brunner, H.I. Effectively measuring adherence to medications for systemic lupus erythematosus in a clinical setting. Arthritis Care & Research, 57(6): 1000-1006, 2007. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  326. * Krousel-Wood, M.A., Muntner, P., Joyce, C.J., Islam, T., Stanley, E., Holt, E.W., Morisky, D.E. , He, J., and Webber, L.S. Adverse Effects of Complementary and Alternative Medicine on Antihypertensive Medication Adherence: Findings from the Cohort Study of Medication Adherence among Older Adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58(1):54-61, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  327. * Krousel-Wood, M., Islam, T., Webber, L.S., Re, R.N., Morisky, D.E., and Muntner, P. New medication adherence scale versus pharmacy fill rates in seniors with hypertension. Am J Manag Care., 15(1): 59-66, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  328. * Krousel-Wood, M.A., Muntner, P., Islam, T., Morisky, D.E., and Webber, L.S. Barriers to and Determinants of Medication Adherence in Hypertension Management: Perspective of the Cohort Study of Medication Adherence Among Older Adults. Medical Clinics of North America, 93(3): 753-769, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  329. Krousel-Wood, M., Muntner, P., Jannu, A., Desalva, K., Re, R.N. Reliability of a Medication Adherence Measure in an Outpatient Setting. American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 330(3): 128-133, 2005. [Abstract]

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  332. Kumar, K., Chambers, S., and Gordon, C. Challenges of ethnicity in SLE. Best Practice & Research Clinical Rheumatology, 23(4): 549-561, 2009. [Abstract]

  333. Kuyken, W., Byford, S., Taylor, R.S., Watkins, E., Holden, E., White, K., Barrett, B., Byng, R., Evans, A., Mullan, E., Teasdale, J.D. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. J Consult Clin Psychol., 76(6): 966-78, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  335. Lai, T-Y., Larson, E.L., Rockoff, M.L., and Bakken, S. User Acceptance of HIV TIDES—Tailored Interventions for Management of Depressive Symptoms in Persons Living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 15(2): 217-226, 2008. [Abstract]

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  337. Lambert, E.V., Steyn, K., Stender, S., Everage, N., Fourie, J.M., and Hill, M. Cross-cultural validation of the hill-bone compliance to high blood pressure therapy scale in a South African, primary healthcare setting. Ethn Dis., 16(1): 286-291, 2006. [Abstract] [Full text]

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  339. Lee, S.J., Loberiza, F.R., Antin, J.H., Kirkpatrick, T., Prokop, L., Alyea, E.P., Cutler, C., Ho, V.T., Richardson, P.G., Schlossman, R.L., Fisher, D.C., Logan, B. and Soiffer, R.J. Routine screening for psychosocial distress following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 35: 77–83, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  341. Leite, S.N., and Vasconcellos, M. da P.C. Adesão à terapêutica medicamentosa: elementos para a discussão de conceitos e pressupostos adotados na literatura (Adherence to prescribed therapy: points for concepts and presuppositions discussion). Ciênc. saúde coletiva, 8(3): 775-782, 2003. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  343. Leveille, S.G., Kiel, D.P., Jones, R.N., Roman, A., Hannan, M.T., Sorond, F.A., Kang, H.G., Samelson, E.J., Gagnon, M., Freeman, M., and Lipsitz, L.A. The MOBILIZE Boston Study: Design and methods of a prospective cohort study of novel risk factors for falls in an older population. BMC Geriatrics, 8:16, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  345. * Levine, D.M., Cohen, J.D., Dustin, H.P., Falkner, B., Flors, J.A., Lefebve, R.C., Morisky, D.E., Oberman, A., Pickering, T.G., Roccella, E.J., Saunders, E., and Whelton, P.K. Behavior changes and the prevention of high blood pressure. Workshop II. AHA Prevention Conference III. Behavior change and compliance: keys to improving cardiovascular health. Circulation, 88(3):1387-1390, 1993. [Full Text]

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  349. Levine, D.M., Green, L.W., Russell, R.P., Morisky, D., Chwalow, J., Benson, P.  Compliance in hypertension management: What the physician can do.  Practical Cardiology, 5:151-153, 157-158, 160, 1979. [No abstract available]

  350. Levy, R.W., Rayner, C.R., Fairley, C.K., Kong, D.C.M., Mijch, A., Costello, K., and McArthur, C. Multidisciplinary HIV Adherence Intervention: A Randomized Study. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 18(12): 728-735, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  354. Li, Wen-Wen., Stewart, A.L., Stotts, N.A., and Froelicher, E.S. Cultural Factors and Medication Compliance in Chinese Immigrants Who Are Taking Antihypertensive Medications: Instrument Development. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 13(3): 231-252, 2005. [Abstract

  355. Liu, Z.L., Zhang, B.L., Wang, L.H., Xu H.P., Wu, Y.S., and Mo, H. Yantian District, Shenzhen Hypertension drug therapy compliance and patient factors. China's chronic disease prevention and control, 1: 70-71, 2008. [Abstract available only in Chinese]

  356. Lopes, N., Zanini, A. C., Casella-Filho, A., et al.. Metabolic Syndrome Patient Compliance with Drug Treatment, Clinics, 63(5): 573-580, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  357. López-Torres López J, Blázquez Abellán G, López-Torres Hidalgo MR, Milián García RM, López Martínez C. (2019). Evaluación de la satisfacción con el tratamiento farmacológico en personas con hipertensión arterial. Rev Esp Salud Pública, 93 [Free Full Text]

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  359. Lowry, K.P., Dudley, T.K., Oddone, E.Z., Bosworth, H.B. Intentional and Unintentional Nonadherence to Antihypertensive Medication. Ann Pharmacother, 39: 1198-1203, 2005. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  360. Lowthian, J.A., Diug, B.O., Evans, S.M., Maxwell, E.L., Street, A.M., Piterman, L., and McNeil, J.J. Who is responsible for the care of patients treated with warfarin therapy?. Med J Aust. 190(12):674-677, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  362. Ma, S., Zheng, H.W., Wang, B. (Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003 Cardiology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003 Department of Nursing). Hypertension drug treatment factors affecting compliance. Chinese Journal of Nursing, 4: 363-365, 2007. [Abstract available only in Chinese]

  363. Mahler, C., Hermann, K., Horne, R., Ludt, S., Haefeli, W.E., Szecsenyi, J., and Jank, S. Assessing reported adherence to pharmacological treatment recommendations. Translation and evaluation of the Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS) in Germany. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 16(3): 574 - 579, 2010. [Abstract]

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  365. Mancuso, C.A., Wenderoth, S., Westermann, H., Choi, T.N., Briggs, W.M., and Charlson, M.E. Patient-Reported and Physician-Reported Depressive Conditions in Relation to Asthma Severity and Control. CHEST, 133(5): 1142-1148, 2008. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  371. Mannheimer, S., Morse, E., Matts, J.P., Andrews, L., Child, C., Schmetter, B., Friedland, G.H., for the Terry Beirn Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS. Sustained Benefit From a Long-Term Antiretroviral Adherence Intervention: Results of a Large Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 43(Suppl. 1): S41-S47, 2006. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  372. Mansour, S.N. , Monteiro, C.N., and Luiz, O.d. C. Adesão ao tratamento farmacológico de pacientes hipertensos entre participantes do Programa Remédio em Casa (Adherence to medication among hypertensive patients participating in the Medicine at Home Program). Epidemiol. Serv. Saude, Brasília, 25(3):647-654, 2016. [Abstract & Full Text]

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  398. Miller, N.H. Compliance with treatment regimens in chronic asymptomatic diseases. American Journal of Medicine, 102(2-A): 43-49, 1997. [Abstract]

  399. Misdrahi, D., Verdoux, H., Lançon, C., and Bayle, F. The 4-Point ordinal Alliance Self-report: a self-report questionnaire for assessing therapeutic relationships in routine mental health. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 50(2): 181-185, 2009. [Abstract]

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  405. * Morisky, D.E., Kominski, G.F., Afifi, A.A., and Kotlerman, J.B. The Effects of a Disease Management Program on Self-Reported Health Behaviors and Health Outcomes: Evidence From the “Florida: A Healthy State (FAHS)” Medicaid Program. Health Educ Behav., 36(3): 505-517, 2009. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  407. * Morisky, D.E., Ebin, V.J., Malotte, C.K., Coly, A., and Kominski, G. Assessment of Tuberculosis Treatment Completion in an Ethnically Diverse Population Using Two Data Sources - Implications for Treatment Interventions. Eval Health Prof., 26(1): 43-58, 2003. [Abstract]

  408. Morisky, D.E., Lees, N.B., Sharif, B.A., Liu, K.Y., Ward, H.J. Reducing Disparities in Hypertension Control: A Community Based Hypertension Control Project (CHIP) for a Low Income Minority Population.  Health Promotion Practice, 3(2):264-275, 2002. [Abstract]

  409. Morisky, D.E., Ang, A., Sneed, C. Validating the Effects of Social Desirability on Self-Reported Condom Use.  AIDS Education and  Prevention, 14(5):351-360, 2002. [Abstract]

  410. * Morisky, D.E., Malotte, C.K., Ebin, V., Davidson, P., and Cabrera, D. Behavioral Interventions for the Control of Tuberculosis Among Adolescents. Public Health Reports, 116(6) :568-574, 2001. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  411. Morisky, D.E., Tiglao, T.V., Sneed, C.D., Tempongko, S.B., Baltazar, J.C., Detels, R., Stein, J. The Effects of Establishment Practices, Knowledge and Attitudes on Condom Use among Filipina Sex Workers. AIDS Care, 10(2):213-220, 1998. [Abstract]

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  415. * Morisky, D.E.  Nonadherence to Medical Recommendations for Hypertensive Patients:  Problems and Potential Solutions.  Journal of Compliance in Health Care, 1:5-20, 1986.

  416. Morisky, D.E., DeMuth, N.M., Field-Fass, M., Green, L.W., and Levine, D.M. . Evaluation of family health education to build social support for long-term control of high blood pressure. Health Education Quarterly 12: 35-50, 1985. [Abstract]

  417. Morisky, D.E., Levine, D.M., Green, L.W., Shapiro, S., Russell, R.P., & Smith, C.R. Five-Year Blood-Pressure Control and Mortality Following Health Education for Hypertensive Patients. American Journal of Public Health 73: 153-62, 1983. [ Abstract] [ Full text]

  418. Morris, A.B., Li, J., Kroenke, K., Bruner-England, T.E., Young, J.M., and Murray, M.D. Factors Associated with Drug Adherence and Blood Pressure Control in Patients with Hypertension. Pharmacotherapy 26(4): 483-492, 2006. [Abstract]

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  420. Mooney, M., Sayre, S., Green, C., Rhoades, H., and Schmitz, J. Comparing Measures of Medication Taking in a Pharmacotherapy Trial for Cocaine Dependence. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment, 3(4): 165-173, 2004. [Abstract]

  421. Mumcu, G., Alibaz-Öner, F., Öner, S. Y., Özen, G., Atagündüz, P., Inanç, N., … Direskeneli, H. Oral ulcer activity in Behcet’s disease: Poor medication adherence is an underestimated risk factor. European Journal of Rheumatology, 4(2), 109–112, 2017. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  424. Muntner, P., Judd, S.E., Krousel-Wood, M., McClellan, W.M., and Safford, M.M. Low Medication Adherence and Hypertension Control Among Adults With CKD: Data From the REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) Study. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 56(3): 447-457, 2010. [Abstract]

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  426. Murray, M.D., Harris, L.E., Overhage, J.M., Zhou, X-H., Eckert, G.J., Smith, F.E., Buchanan, N.N., Wolinsky, F.D., McDonald, C.J., and Tierney, W.M. Failure of Computerized Treatment Suggestions to Improve Health Outcomes of Outpatients with Uncomplicated Hypertension: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Pharmacotherapy, 24(3): 324-337, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

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  433. Ncama, B.P., McInerney, P.A., Bhengu, B.R., Corless, I.B., Wantland, D.J., Nicholas, P.K., McGibbon, C.A., and Davis, S.M. Social support and medication adherence in HIV disease in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45(12): 1757-1763, 2008. [Abstract]

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  442. Odegard, P.S. and Gray, S.L. Barriers to Medication Adherence in Poorly Controlled Diabetes Mellitus. The Diabetes Educator, 34(4): 692-697, 2008. [Abstract]

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  446. Ogedegbe, G., Mancuso, C.A., Allegrante, J.P., Charlson, M.E. Development and evaluation of a medication adherence self-efficacy scale in hypertensive African-American patients. J Clin Epidemiol., 56(6): 520-529, 2003. [Abstract]

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  451. Oster, G., Borok, G.M., Menzin, J., Heyse, J.F., Epstein, R.S., Quinn, V., Benson, V., Dudl, .J., and Epstein, A. A randomized trial to assess effectiveness and cost in clinical practice: Rationale and design of the cholesterol reduction intervention study (CRIS). Controlled Clinical Trials, 16(1): 3-16, 1995. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  452. Osterberg, L. and Blaschke, T. Adherence to Medication. N Engl J Med, 353: 487-497, 2005. [No abstract available] [Full Text]

  453. Pablo, M.O., Antonio, L.J., Encarnación, B.R., Juan Manuel, G.G., and Alipio, M.R. Comparación de dos modelos de educación para pacientes asmáticos (Comparison of two forms of education for asthmatic patients). Med Clin (Barc), 116(11):408-412, 2001. [Abstract] [Full Text available only in Spanish]

  454. Paes, A.H.P., Bakker, A., Soe-Agnie, C.J. Measurement of patient compliance. Pharmacy World & Science, 20(2): 73-77, 1998. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  455. Palacios, S., Sánchez-Borrego, R., Neyro, J.L., Quereda, F., Vázquez, F., Pérez, M., and Pérez, M. Knowledge and compliance from patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis treatment. Menopause Int., 15(3): 113-119, 2009. [Abstract]

  456. Palazzolo, J. Observance médicamenteuse et psychiatrie. Elsevier Masson, pp. 188, 2004. [Abstract] [Excerpts from Google Books]

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  458. Parienti, J-J., Massari, V., Descamps, D., Vabret, A., Bouvet, E., Larouzé, B., and Verdon, R. Predictors of Virologic Failure and Resistance in HIV-Infected Patients Treated with Nevirapine- or Efavirenz-Based Antiretroviral Therapy. Clin Infect Dis., 38(9): 1311-1316, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text]

  459. Parienti, J-J., Verdon, R., Bazin, C., Bouvet, E., Massari, V. Larouzé, B. The Pills Identification Test: A Tool to Assess Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy. JAMA, 285(4): 412, 2001. [Abstract]

  460. * Parthan, A., Gabor, V., Morisky, D.E., Khan, Z.M. Strategies to Improve Adherence with Medications in Chronic, "Silent" Diseases Representing High Cardiovascular Risk. Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res., 6(3):325-336, 2006. [Abstract]

  461. Patel, R.P., and Taylor, S.D.  Factors affecting medication adherence in hypertensive patients. Ann Pharmacother., 36: 40-45, 2002. [Abstract]

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